有关唐代_古诗词鉴赏大?/title> <meta name="renderer" content="webkit"> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=Edge,chrome=1" > <meta http-equiv="Cache-Control" content="no-transform" /> <meta name="applicable-device" content="pc"> <link rel=stylesheet type=text/css href="/images/css/page.css"> <script src="/images/js/ad.js" type="text/javascript"></script> <script type="text/javascript"> if( /Android|webOS|iPhone|iPad|iPod|BlackBerry|IEMobile|Opera Mini/i.test(navigator.userAgent) ) { var dqurl = document.URL; dqurl2 = dqurl.replace(/http:\/\/(.*?)\//, "http://m.www.fdzs149hg3535.com/") window.location = dqurl2; } </script> <meta http-equiv="Cache-Control" content="no-transform" /> <meta http-equiv="Cache-Control" content="no-siteapp" /> </head> <body> <div style="position:fixed;left:-9000px;top:-9000px;"></div> <div class=main1> <div class=cont> <div class=left> <h1><a href="http://www.www.fdzs149hg3535.com/shici/"><img alt=古诗文网 src="/templets/shiwen/css/logo.jpg" width='220' height='69'></a></h1> </div> <div class=right> <div class=son1><a style="margin-left: 0px" href="http://www.www.fdzs149hg3535.com/shici/">首页</a> <!----> <a href="list_1_0_0_0_0.html">?/a> <!----> <a href="list_2_0_0_0_0.html">?/a> <!----> <a href="list_3_0_0_0_0.html">?/a> <!----> <a href="list_4_0_0_0_0.html">文言?/a> <!----> <a href="list_5_0_0_0_0.html">辞赋</a> <!----> <a href="list_6_0_0_0_0.html">名句</a> <!----> <a href="/guwen/">古籍目录</a> </div> <div class="son2"> <script type="text/javascript">(function(){document.write(unescape('%3Cdiv id="bdcs"%3E%3C/div%3E'));var bdcs = document.createElement('script');bdcs.type = 'text/javascript';bdcs.async = true;bdcs.src = 'http://znsv.baidu.com/customer_search/api/js?sid=15113700267954798304' + '&plate_url=' + encodeURIComponent(window.location.href) + '&t=' + Math.ceil(new Date()/3600000);var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0];s.parentNode.insertBefore(bdcs, s);})();</script></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class=main2> <div class=cont> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_1_0_0.html">先秦</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_2_0_0.html">两汉</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_3_0_0.html">魏晋</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_4_0_0.html">南北?/a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_5_0_0.html">隋代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_6_0_0.html">唐代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_7_0_0.html">五代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_8_0_0.html">宋代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_9_0_0.html">元代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_10_0_0.html">明代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_11_0_0.html">清代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_12_0_0.html">近代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_13_0_0.html">现代</a> <!----> <a href="http://m.www.fdzs149hg3535.com/shici/" target=_blank>手机?/a> </div> </div><div class="main3"> <div class="main3"> <div class="typeleft"> <div class="son1"> <h1>唐代的古?/h1> </div> <div style="height: 26px" id="type1" class="son2"> <div class="sleft"><span>类型</span> </div> <div class="sright"><a href="list_0_0_6_0_0.html" title=""><span>不限</span></a><a href="list_0_342_6_0_0.html" title="">纪游</a><a href="list_0_132_6_0_0.html" title="">寓言</a><a href="list_0_351_6_0_0.html" title="">少女</a><a href="list_0_514_6_0_0.html" title="">赠答</a><a href="list_0_121_6_0_0.html" title="">怀?/a><a href="list_0_50_6_0_0.html" title="关于描写春节的诗?>春节</a><a href="list_0_531_6_0_0.html" title="">选官</a><a href="list_0_454_6_0_0.html" title="">怀?/a><a href="list_0_476_6_0_0.html" title="">桂花</a><a href="list_0_478_6_0_0.html" title="">愉悦</a><a href="list_0_317_6_0_0.html" title="">故乡</a><a href="list_0_199_6_0_0.html" title="">豪迈</a><a href="list_0_171_6_0_0.html" title="">生命</a><a href="list_0_79_6_0_0.html" title="">宴饮</a><a href="list_0_226_6_0_0.html" title="">日出</a></div> <div class="sright2"><img onclick=clicktype() alt=展开 src="/templets/shiwen/css/jiantop.jpg" width="10" height="20"></div> </div> <div class="son2"> <div class="sleft"><span>朝代</span> </div> <div class="sright"><a href="list_0_0_0_0_0.html">不限</a><a href="list_0_0_1_0_0.html">先秦</a><a href="list_0_0_2_0_0.html">两汉</a><a href="list_0_0_3_0_0.html">魏晋</a><a href="list_0_0_4_0_0.html">南北?/a><a href="list_0_0_5_0_0.html">隋代</a><a href="list_0_0_6_0_0.html"><span>唐代</span></a><a href="list_0_0_7_0_0.html">五代</a><a href="list_0_0_8_0_0.html">宋代</a><a href="list_0_0_9_0_0.html">元代</a><a href="list_0_0_10_0_0.html">明代</a><a href="list_0_0_11_0_0.html">清代</a><a href="list_0_0_12_0_0.html">近代</a><a href="list_0_0_13_0_0.html">现代</a> </div> </div> <div style="border-bottom: #d2d0d0 1px solid; margin-bottom: 20px" class="son2"> <div class="sleft"><span>形式</span> </div> <div class="sright"> <a href="list_0_0_6_0_0.html"><span>不限</span></a><a href="list_1_0_6_0_0.html">?/a><a href="list_2_0_6_0_0.html">?/a><a href="list_3_0_6_0_0.html">?/a><a href="list_4_0_6_0_0.html">文言?/a><a href="list_5_0_6_0_0.html">辞赋</a><a href="list_6_0_6_0_0.html">名句</a></div> </div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a ><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <!--最近更新调用开?-> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>唐代的古诗第1?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_12798.html" >《晓行巴峡?/a>(<a href="author_513.html" >王维</a>?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px">际晓投巴峡,馀春忆帝京?br /> 晴江一女浣,朝日众鸡鸣?br /> 水国舟中市,山桥树杪行?br /> 登高万井出,眺迥二流明?br /> 人作殊方语,莺为故国声?br /> 赖多山水趣,稍解别离情?br /> </p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br>【阅读答案?br /> <br /> 15.下列对本诗的理解,不正确的一项是?分)<br /> <br /> A.巴峡乡邑旭日东升,众鸡鸣唱,晴朗的江边一个女子在浣洗?br /> <br /> B.水国乡民在舟中行商,山上有桥,行人走在桥上,如在树颠?br /> <br /> C.诗人登高远眺,万亩良田,井然有序,二水流过,分外澄明?br /> <br /> D.诗人在暮春之际来到巴峡,山水之趣宽解着诗人的离愁别绪?br /> <br /> 16.“人作殊方语,莺为故国声”一联中,鸟雀之声传递了作者的思乡之情。下列诗句采用这一写作手法的一项是?分)<br /> <br /> A.欲暮黄鹂啭,伤心玉镜台。(王昌龄《古意》)<br /> <br /> B.天寒雁声急,岁晚客程遥。(晁补之《吴松道中》)<br /> <br /> C.苍鸠鸣竹间,两两自相语。(张耒《感春》)<br /> <br /> D.殷勤报春去,恰恰一莺啼。(杨万里《和仲良春晚即事》)<br /> <br /> 17.同样是描绘山峡,《晓行巴峡》与下列诗句相比,在运用意象、抒发情感方面有何不同?请结合诗句,具体分析。(6分)<br /> <br /> 巴东三峡巫峡长,猿鸣三声泪沾裳。(郦道元《水经注》)<br /> <br /> 玉露凋伤枫树林,巫山巫峡气萧森。(杜甫《秋兴八首》)<br /> <br /> 15.【答案】C 应该是“万家井邑出现”,不是“万亩良田,井然有序”。结合地理位置分析?br /> <br /> 【解析?br /> <br /> 试题分析:本题主要考查对诗句内容的理解。C项,应该是“万家井邑出现”,不是“万亩良田,井然<br /> <br /> 16.【答案】B 本题要抓住关键“鸟雀之声”“思乡”分析?br /> <br /> 有序”。结合地理位置分析?br /> <br /> 【解析?br /> <br /> 试题分析:本题主要考查写作手法分析。本题要抓住关键“鸟雀之声”“思乡”分析?br /> <br /> 17.【答案】《晓行巴峡》描写了巴峡周围的景色和风土人情。“清江”“浣的少女”“鸡鸣”“江面上舟船”“江岸远山”“山桥”等,这些美丽的景象。因为身在异乡,难免有思乡之愁。尤其是听到人们说着异乡方言,莺啼还是故乡声音的时候。幸得山水有许多的意趣,才能稍稍缓解他的离别之情?br /> <br /> “巴东三峡巫峡长,猿鸣三声泪沾裳。”选用“猿鸣”,猿声凄异其哀转之声,正好与人临于险境时之不安心声相撞击,产生惊惧之情,从而倍感凄楚,深味行路之难。“泪沾裳”,从而产生“怀士”之心,后悔何为而远离家乡,远离亲人,涉险至此?br /> <br /> “玉露凋伤枫树林,巫山巫峡气萧森”,选用“玉露”“枫树林”等景物,“玉露”即白露,秋天,草木摇落,一片萧条。“巫山巫峡”,诗人所在。用“凋伤”、“萧森”给意境笼罩着败落景象,气氛阴沉,定下全诗感情基调?br /> <br /> 【解析?br /> <br /> 试题分析:本题主要考查意象和抒发情感方面的比较分析。分别分析诗句所用的意象,然后进行比较。抒发情感主要包括抒情方式和抒情内容等,如“巴东三峡巫峡长,猿鸣三声泪沾裳。”选用“猿鸣”,猿声凄异其哀转之声,产生惊惧之情,从而倍感凄楚。“泪沾裳”,远离亲人,涉险至此?br /> <br /> 【翻译?br /> <br /> 白话译文<br /> <br /> 拂晓时分直向巴峡而去,春日将尽使我思念京城。江色晴明有位女子浣洗,旭日初升群鸡竞相啼鸣。水边城市人在船上做生意,山间桥上人如在树梢走行。登上高处万家井邑出现,眺望远处阆白二流明莹。人们都说着异乡的方言,黄莺却啼着故里的声音。幸赖自己深知山水情趣,稍可排解离乡背井愁情?br /> <br /> 【注释?br /> <br /> ⑴巴峡:长江自巴县(重庆)至涪州(涪陵)一段有明月、黄葛、铜锣、石洞、鸡鸣、黄草等峡,这些峡皆在古巴县或巴郡境内,因统称为巴峡?br /> <br /> ⑵际晓:犹黎明?br /> <br /> ⑶帝京:帝都,指京都长安。《汉武故事》:“上幸河东,欣言中流,与群臣饮宴,顾视帝京,乃自作《秋风辞》。”唐白居易《琵琶行》:“我从去年辞帝京,谪居卧病浔阳城。?br /> <br /> ⑷女浣(huàn):即浣女。浣,洗?br /> <br /> ⑸朝(zhāo)日:早晨初升的太阳。鸡:一作“禽”?br /> <br /> ⑹水国:犹水乡。临水城邑。南朝宋颜延之《始安郡还都与张湘州登巴陵城楼作》诗:“水国周地险,河山信重复。”唐孟浩然《洛中送奚三还扬州》诗:“水国无边际,舟行共使风。?br /> <br /> ⑺树杪(miǎo):树梢。《陈书·儒林传·王元规》:“元规自执楫棹而去,留其男女三人,阁于树杪。”杪:一作“上”?br /> <br /> ⑻井:即市井,村落,指山城住户。万井:千家万户。唐陈子昂《谢赐冬表》:“三军叶庆,万井相欢。?br /> <br /> ⑼眺迥:远望。二流:其一为长江,另一当指在巴峡一带入江的河流,如嘉陵江、玉麟江、龙溪河等。一说为阆水和白水?br /> <br /> ⑽殊方语:异乡语言。殊方:远方,异域。汉班固《西都赋》:“逾昆仑,越巨海,殊方异类,至于三万里。?br /> <br /> ⑾故:一作“旧”?br /> <br /> ⑿赖:多亏。多:一作“谙”?br /><br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a ><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>唐代的古诗第2?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_608.html" >《相思·红豆生南国?/a>(<a href="author_513.html" >王维</a>?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px">红豆生南国,春来发几枝?br /> 愿君多采撷,此物最相思?</p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br> <p><strong>译文</strong>红豆树生长在南方?a href="/shici/list_0_3_0_0_0.html">春天</a>到了它将生出多少新枝呢?希望你多采摘一些红豆,它最能够引起人们?a href="/shici/list_0_32_0_0_0.html">思念</a>之情?</p> <p><strong>注解</strong>一、红豆:又名<a href="/shici/view_608.html">相?/a>子,一种生在江南地区的植物,结出的籽象豌豆而稍扁,呈鲜红色。二、采撷:采摘。三、相思:想念?/p> <br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a ><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>唐代的古诗第3?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_3312.html" >《夕阳楼?/a>(<a href="author_210.html" >李商?/a>?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px"> 花明柳暗绕天愁,上尽重城更上楼?br />欲问孤鸿向何处,不知身世自悠悠? </p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br>【译文?br /> <br /> 正是美景未收时候,飘拂的柳枝却牵动离愁。即使拾级而上身在重楼,又岂能望见远方的老友。一只南飞的孤鸿令人担忧,不知它何处栖身欲问还休。一阵秋风从身边吹过,自家的身世涌上心头?br /> <br /> 【注释?br /> <br /> ①夕阳楼在荥?今河南郑?,是萧洚任郑州刺史时所建。萧洚是诗人在荥阳时的朋友。大和九?公元855?七月,李训、郑注专权,排斥异己,萧被远贬,而诗人考进士亦落地东还,登夕阳楼,有感而作?br /> <br /> ②“孤鸿”,指萧瀚?br /><br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a ><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>唐代的古诗第4?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_12789.html" >《栾家濑·飒飒秋雨中?/a>(<a href="author_513.html" >王维</a>?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px">飒飒秋雨中,浅浅石溜泻?br /> 跳波自相溅,白鹭惊复下?br /> </p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br>?strong>栾家濑注?/strong>?br /> <br /> ①飒飒:雨声?br /> <br /> ②浅浅:形容水流很急的样子?br /> <br /> ③石溜:石上的急流?br /> <br /> ④栾家濑:濑,浅水从沙石上急速流过的地方。栾家濑,辋川别墅的一部分?br /> <br /> ?strong>栾家濑翻?/strong>?br /> <br /> 飒飒秋雨下个不停,石沙滩上流水急急,从石上一滑而过,一泻而下,但清浅明澈?br /><br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a ><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>唐代的古诗第5?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_4065.html" >《重送裴郎中贬吉州?/a>(<a href="author_110.html" >刘长?/a>?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px"> 猿啼客散暮江头,人自伤心水自流?<br />同作逐臣君更远,青山万里一孤舟? </p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br> 猿猴啼叫,送行的人已散尽,落日挂在了江头。我独自伤心,而水也自顾自的流。同是被贬的臣子,而你却走得更远。青山过后万里,只有一叶孤舟? <br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a ><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>唐代的古诗第6?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_12787.html" >《岑文本初仕萧铣?/a>(刘肃?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px">岑文本初仕萧铣。江陵平,授秘书郎,直中书。校省李靖骤称其才,擢拜中书舍人,渐蒙恩遇。时颜师古谙练故事,长于文诰,时无逮,冀复用之。太宗曰:“我自举一人,公勿复也。”乃以文本为中书侍郎,专与枢密。及迁中书令,归家却有忧色。其母怪而问之,文本对曰:“非勋非旧,滥登宠荣,位高责重,古人所戒,所以忧耳。”有来贺者,辄曰:“今日也,受吊不受贺。”江东之役,几所度支,一以委之,神用顿竭。太宗忧之曰:“文本与我同行,恐不与我同反。”俄病卒矣?br /> <br /> (选自唐·刘肃《大唐新语》)<br /> </p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br>?strong>岑文本初仕萧铣阅读答?/strong>?br /> <br /> 1.解?br /> <br /> ?)平       ?)称      ?)谙     ?)竭      ?)返       ?)卒<br /> <br /> 2.翻?br /> <br /> ?)太宗曰:“我自举一人,公勿复也。?br /> <br /> ?)今日也,受吊不受贺?br /> <br /> 3.综观全文,直接表现岑文本“鞠躬尽瘁,死而后已”的后半生的句子是_____?br /> <br /> 【参考答案?br /> <br /> 1.?)平? ?)称? ?)熟? ?)尽  ?)同“返”,返回  ?)死<br /> <br /> 3.江东之役,几所度支,一以委之,神用顿竭?br /> <br /> 二:<br /> <br /> 1、下列句子朗读停顿正确的一项是??br /> <br /> A.时颜师古谙?故事,长?文诰,时??br /> <br /> B.时颜师古谙?故事,长于文/诰,?无?br /> <br /> C.时颜师?谙练故事,长于文/诰,时无/?br /> <br /> D.时颜师?谙练故事,长?文诰,时/无?br /> <br /> 2、下列句中加点词的意义和用法判断正确的一项是??br /> <br /> ①长于文诰,时无?br /> <br /> ②其受之天也,贤于材人远?br /> <br /> ③人知从太守游而乐,而不知太守之乐其乐也<br /> <br /> ④其母怪而问?br /> <br /> A.①②相同,③④也相?B.①②相同,③④不同<br /> <br /> C.①②不同,③④相同 D.①②不同,③④也不?br /> <br /> 3、下列句中加点词语意思解说不正确的一项是??br /> <br /> A.校省李靖骤称其才称:称?B.及迁中书令,归 家却有忧?迁:降职远调<br /> <br /> C.恐不与我同反反:同“返”,返回 D.俄病卒?卒:?br /> <br /> 4、下列对文句翻译不正确的一项是??br /> <br /> A.江陵平,授秘书郎?br /> <br /> 译文:江陵平定后,岑文本进入朝廷任秘书郎?br /> <br /> B.太宗曰:“我自举一人,公勿复也。?br /> <br /> 译文:唐太宗说:“我自己选拔一个人,你(颜师古)就不再担任原职了。?br /> <br /> C.今日也,受吊不受贺?br /> <br /> 译文:今天,我只接受安慰,不接受祝贺?br /> <br /> D.非勋非旧,滥登宠荣?br /> <br /> 译文:我既不是功臣,又不是皇帝的老朋友,却乱用职权得到了很多的恩宠?br /> <br /> 5、下列对文意解说不正确的一句是??br /> <br /> A.岑文本一直都在唐朝当官,并多次受到朝廷的奖赏?br /> <br /> B.岑文本当上中书侍郎,原因之一就是唐太宗不想让颜师古官复原职?br /> <br /> C.岑文本被提拔到中书令后反而感到忧虑,可见他不是狂妄自大的人?br /> <br /> D.综观全文,岑文本的后半生可用“鞠躬尽瘁,死而后已”来概括?br /> <br /> 参考答?br /> <br /> 1、D 2、D 3、B 4、D 5、A<br /> <br /> ?strong>岑文本初仕萧铣注?/strong>】:<br /> <br /> ①岑文本?95~645)?br /> <br /> ②萧铣(583~621),隋末起兵重立梁国号,建都江陵(今湖北省江陵市?br /> <br /> ③“秘书郎”“校省”(检校中书省)“中书舍人”“中书侍郎”“中书令”,均为唐朝时的官职?br /> <br /> ?strong>岑文本初仕萧铣译?/strong>?br /> <br /> 岑文本起初在萧铣部下做官。平定江陵后,任命他为秘书郎、直中书。担任检校中书省的李靖很是称赞他的才能,提拔他担任中书舍人,渐渐地得到皇帝的赏识。当时颜师古对旧例非常熟悉,擅长起草文书,当时没有比得上的,希望重新被起用。唐太宗说:“我自己选拔一个人,你就不再担任原职了。”于是让岑文本担任中书侍郎,专门参与枢密使的工作。后来升任中书令,回到家里脸上却有忧虑的表情。他的母亲感到奇怪并问他,岑文本回答说:“我没有功勋也跟皇上没有旧交,获得太大的宠幸,职位高责任重,这是古人所忌的,这是我感到忧虑的原因啊。”有来向他庆贺的人,他就说:“今天,我只接受安慰,不接受祝贺。”江东之战,几乎所有辎重运输的筹划,全部都委托岑文本来主持,导致他劳累过度,精力耗尽。唐太宗忧虑地说:“岑文本和我一同出征,恐怕不能和我一同回去了。”不久,岑文本就病死了?br /> <br /> ?strong>岑文本初仕萧铣文学常?/strong>?br /> <br /> 说“《大唐新语》”:《大唐新语》撰者唐代刘肃﹐生卒年﹑籍贯﹑字号均不详。此书记载唐代历史人物的言行故事,起自唐初,迄於大历,多取材於《朝野佥载》、《隋唐嘉话》等书。仿《世说新语》体例,分匡赞﹑规谏﹑聪敏﹑文章、隐逸﹑记异?0门类?3卷。内容多有关政治和道德教化。书后有总论一篇﹐表明作者的意图是以前事为鉴戒。书中也记载了不少有关诗文的材料,尤其是“文章”门,录存初唐及开元初人所作诗歌多首,并叙其本事,间载时人评论,为后来编集和研究唐诗者所取材。明人刻本改题“大唐世说新语”或“唐世说新语”,《四库全书》据《新唐书?艺文志》恢复原名,并列入小说家类?br /><br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a ><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>唐代的古诗第7?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_6428.html" >《寒松赋?/a>(<a href="author_686.html" >李绅</a>?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px">松之生也,于岩之侧。流俗不顾,匠人未识。无地势以炫容,有天机而作色。徒观其贞枝肃矗,直干芊眠,倚层峦则捎云蔽景,据幽涧则蓄雾藏烟。穹石盘簿而埋根,凡经几载;古藤联缘而抱节,莫记何年。于是白露零,凉风至;林野惨栗,山原愁悴。彼众尽于玄黄,斯独茂于苍翠,然后知落落高劲,亭亭孤绝。其为质也,不易叶而改柯;其为心也,甘冒霜而停雪。叶幽人之雅趣,明君子之奇节。若乃确乎不拨,物莫与隆,阴阳不能变其性,雨露所以资其丰。擢影后凋,一千年而作盖;流形入梦,十八载而为公。不学春开之桃李、秋落之梧桐?br /> <br /> 乱曰:负栋梁兮时不知,冒霜雪兮空自奇;谅可用而不用,固斯焉而取斯?br /> </p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br>【译文?br /> <br /> <a href="/shici/view_3908.html"><a href="/shici/view_4036.html">?/a>?/a>生长在岩石的侧面,俗人看不到它,木匠无缘结识它。它没有宽阔的地势来炫耀自己的外形,只有大自然赋予的本色。它枝干伟岸挺拔肃穆茂盛,或高踞于层岩之上,直插云霄;或藏身于幽涧之中,蓄雾藏云。坚固的穹石埋下它的根系,历经数载;古老的藤蔓缠络它的躯体,不知多少年。白露飘落,凉风吹来,树林田野凄惨颤栗,高山平原愁容憔悴。别的树木都黄叶凋零,只有它苍翠繁茂。然后人们知道它高峻挺拔,特立独行。它不改变自己的外形,也不改变自己的内心,甘愿经受霜雪的洗礼。它和隐士君子的志趣气节相投,它坚定不拔,超乎万物?a href="/shici/view_1399.html">日月</a>不能改变其本性,雨露使它更丰茂。它身影高耸,千年茂盛。它把自己流动的身影编织成梦,相信十八年后定能成材为公。它不学<a href="/shici/list_0_3_0_0_0.html">春天</a>的桃李也不学<a href="/shici/list_0_5_0_0_0.html">秋天</a>的梧桐?br /> <br /> 身为栋梁之材却不为人知,顶风冒雪,却没人为它称奇叫绝。实在是?a href="/shici/view_2993.html">为有</a>用之才,有人鄙视它,却也有人取法它?br /> <br /> 【注释?br /> <br /> 无地势以炫容,炫容:夸耀外形。炫,夸耀<br /> <br /> 芊眠:茂密状<br /> <br /> 捎云蔽景:意思是与景物相掩映<br /> <br /> 穹石盘薄而埋根,穹,高、石盘薄:牢牢地埋根:扎?br /> <br /> 林野惨栗,栗:颤?br /> <br /> 山原愁悴。悴:憔?br /> <br /> 彼众尽于玄黄,玄黄:天地,指大自然的变化<br /> <br /> 然后知落落高劲,落落:孤零的样子高劲:高大峻?br /> <br /> 亭亭孤绝。亭亭:孤高的样子绝:极<br /> <br /> 甘冒霜而停雪,停:(使动用法)使雪停止<br /> <br /> 叶幽人之雅趣,叶:遮庇相?br /> <br /> 物莫与隆。隆:高<br /> <br /> 雨露所以资其丰。资:帮助丰:茁壮成?br /> <br /> 擢影后凋,擢:耸起长高<br /> <br /> 乱曰:负栋梁兮时不知,乱:辞赋篇末总括全篇要旨的一段。负:担荷,此作“具有”讲<br /> <br /> 谅可用而不用,谅:确实<br /> <br /> 固斯焉而取斯。固:此指鄙视。取:取法?br /><br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a ><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>唐代的古诗第8?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_12782.html" >《远上寒山石径斜,白云深处有人家?/a>(<a href="author_203.html" >杜牧</a>?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px"><p> 山石 </p> <p> <strong>远上寒山石径斜,白云深处有人家?/strong> </p> 停车坐爱枫林晚,霜叶红于二月花?br /> </p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br>?strong>远上寒山石径斜,白云深处有人家翻?/strong>?br /> <br /> 一条弯弯曲曲的小路蜿蜒伸向山顶,在白云飘浮的地方有几户人家。停下来欣赏这枫林的景色,那火红的枫叶比江南二月的花还要红?br /> <br /> ?strong>远上寒山石径斜,白云深处有人家注?/strong>?br /> <br /> 山行:在山中行走?br /> <br /> 远上:登上远处的?br /> <br /> 寒山:深秋季节的山?br /> <br /> 石径:石子的小路?br /> <br /> 斜:此字读xiá ,为倾斜的意思?br /> <br /> 深:另有版本作“生”。(“深”可理解为在云雾缭绕的的深处?“生”可理解为在形成白云的地方)<br /> <br /> 车:轿子?br /> <br /> 坐:因为?br /> <br /> 霜叶:枫树的叶子经深秋寒霜之后变成了红色?br /> <br /> 枫林晚:傍晚时的枫树林?br /> <br /> 红于:比……更红,本文指霜叶红于二月花?br /><br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a ><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>唐代的古诗第9?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_3812.html" >《春宫怨·早被婵娟误?/a>(<a href="author_283.html" >杜荀?/a>?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px">早被婵娟误,欲妆临镜慵。承恩不在貌,教妾若为容?<br /> 风暖鸟声碎,日高花影重。年年越溪女,相忆采芙蓉?</p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br> <p><strong>译文</strong>早年我被容貌美丽所误,落入宫中;我懒得对镜梳妆打扮,是没有受宠。蒙恩受幸,其实不在于俏丽的容颜;到底为取悦谁,叫我梳妆修饰仪容。鸟儿啼声繁碎,?a href="/shici/view_2993.html">为有</a>和暖的春风;太阳到了正午?a href="/shici/view_1681.html">花影</a>才会显得浓重。我真想念,年年在越溪浣纱的女伴;欢歌笑语,自由自在地采撷着芙蓉?/p> <p><strong>注释</strong>①婵娟:形容形态美好?②若为容:又叫我怎样饰容取宠呢?③越溪女:指<a href="/shici/view_4009.html"><a href="/shici/view_4049.html">西施</a></a>浣纱时的女伴。④碎,鸟鸣声细?/p> <br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a ><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>唐代的古诗第10?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_4131.html" >《山中寡妇?/a>(<a href="author_283.html" >杜荀?/a>?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px">夫因兵死守蓬茅,麻苎衫鬓发焦?br /> 桑柘废来犹纳税,田园荒后尚征苗?br /> 时挑野菜和根煮,旋斫生柴带叶烧?br /> 任是深山更深处,也应无计避征徭?</p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br> <p><strong>译文</strong>  丈夫因战乱死去,留下妻子困守在茅草屋里,穿着粗糙的苎麻服,鬓发枯黄面容憔悴。桑树柘树都荒废了,再也不能养蚕,却要向官府交纳丝税?a href="/shici/list_0_24_0_0_0.html">田园</a>荒芜了却还要征收青苗捐。经常挑些野菜,连根一起煮着吃,刚砍下的湿柴带着叶子一起烧。任凭你跑到深山更深的地方,也没有办法可以躲避赋税和徭役?/p><p><strong>注释</strong>⑴蓬茅:茅草盖的房子。⑵麻苎(zhù):即苎麻。鬓发焦:因吃不饱,身体缺乏营养而头发变成枯黄色。⑶柘:树木名,叶子可以喂蚕。⑷和:带着,连。⑸旋斫:现砍。生柴:刚从树上砍下来的湿柴。⑹征徭:赋税、徭役?</p> <br>  【阅读答案?br /> <br /> ?)颈联中的“时”“旋”两个虚词用得好,请作简要分析。(4分)<br /> <br /> ?)“时”“旋”均表动作的次数,经常而非偶尔,可见寡妇家里常常断粮,不得不常常挖野菜度日;常常砍柴也很困难,不得不连树叶一同烧掉。两个表频率的虚词,强化了寡妇贫困艰难度日的情景。(4分)<br /> <br /> 【解析?br /> <br /> ?)颈联写<a href="/shici/view_49.html">山中</a>寡妇生活困难,只好不时地挖来野菜,野菜也不够吃,还要连菜根一起煮着吃;不时地砍柴,柴火还不够烧,还要带着树叶一起烧掉。写出寡妇难以想象的困苦状态?br /> <br /> ?)诗人在诗中给我们展示了一幅怎样?a href="/shici/list_0_24_0_0_0.html">田园</a>图画?表达了诗人怎样的情感??分)<br /> <br /> ?)田园里一片荒芜,桑林伐尽了,野菜也被挖完了,一派萧条的景象。表达了诗人无限同情百姓的情感和对统治者的深刻批判。(4分)<br /> <br /> 【解析?br /> <br /> ?)颔联颈联集中写田园的荒芜:桑林被砍尽了,田园里连杂草都没有,山上能砍得树叶都砍了,一片萧条的景象?br /> <br /> 【参考译文?br /> <br /> 丈夫因战乱死去,留下妻子困守在茅草屋里,穿着粗糙的苎麻服,鬓发枯黄面容憔悴。桑树柘树都荒废了,再也不能养蚕,却要向官府交纳丝税,田园荒芜了却还要征收青苗捐。经常挑些野菜,连根一起煮着吃,刚砍下的湿柴带着叶子一起烧。任凭你跑到深山更深的地方,也没有办法可以躲避赋税和徭役?br /><br></div> <div style="width:100%; 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