有关清代_古诗词鉴赏大?/title> <meta name="renderer" content="webkit"> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=Edge,chrome=1" > <meta http-equiv="Cache-Control" content="no-transform" /> <meta name="applicable-device" content="pc"> <link rel=stylesheet type=text/css href="/images/css/page.css"> <script src="/images/js/ad.js" type="text/javascript"></script> <script type="text/javascript"> if( /Android|webOS|iPhone|iPad|iPod|BlackBerry|IEMobile|Opera Mini/i.test(navigator.userAgent) ) { var dqurl = document.URL; dqurl2 = dqurl.replace(/http:\/\/(.*?)\//, "http://m.www.fdzs149hg3535.com/") window.location = dqurl2; } </script> <meta http-equiv="Cache-Control" content="no-transform" /> <meta http-equiv="Cache-Control" content="no-siteapp" /> </head> <body> <div style="position:fixed;left:-9000px;top:-9000px;"></div> <div class=main1> <div class=cont> <div class=left> <h1><a href="http://www.www.fdzs149hg3535.com/shici/"><img alt=古诗文网 src="/templets/shiwen/css/logo.jpg" width='220' height='69'></a></h1> </div> <div class=right> <div class=son1><a style="margin-left: 0px" href="http://www.www.fdzs149hg3535.com/shici/">首页</a> <!----> <a href="list_1_0_0_0_0.html">?/a> <!----> <a href="list_2_0_0_0_0.html">?/a> <!----> <a href="list_3_0_0_0_0.html">?/a> <!----> <a href="list_4_0_0_0_0.html">文言?/a> <!----> <a href="list_5_0_0_0_0.html">辞赋</a> <!----> <a href="list_6_0_0_0_0.html">名句</a> <!----> <a href="/guwen/">古籍目录</a> </div> <div class="son2"> <script type="text/javascript">(function(){document.write(unescape('%3Cdiv id="bdcs"%3E%3C/div%3E'));var bdcs = document.createElement('script');bdcs.type = 'text/javascript';bdcs.async = true;bdcs.src = 'http://znsv.baidu.com/customer_search/api/js?sid=15113700267954798304' + '&plate_url=' + encodeURIComponent(window.location.href) + '&t=' + Math.ceil(new Date()/3600000);var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0];s.parentNode.insertBefore(bdcs, s);})();</script></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class=main2> <div class=cont> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_1_0_0.html">先秦</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_2_0_0.html">两汉</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_3_0_0.html">魏晋</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_4_0_0.html">南北?/a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_5_0_0.html">隋代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_6_0_0.html">唐代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_7_0_0.html">五代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_8_0_0.html">宋代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_9_0_0.html">元代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_10_0_0.html">明代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_11_0_0.html">清代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_12_0_0.html">近代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_13_0_0.html">现代</a> <!----> <a href="http://m.www.fdzs149hg3535.com/shici/" target=_blank>手机?/a> </div> </div><div class="main3"> <div class="main3"> <div class="typeleft"> <div class="son1"> <h1>清代的古?/h1> </div> <div style="height: 26px" id="type1" class="son2"> <div class="sleft"><span>类型</span> </div> <div class="sright"><a href="list_0_0_11_0_0.html" title=""><span>不限</span></a><a href="list_0_98_11_0_0.html" title="描写美人的古?>美人</a><a href="list_0_503_11_0_0.html" title="">姐妹</a><a href="list_0_69_11_0_0.html" title="古诗三百首_古诗三百首全集_古诗三百首鉴?>古诗三百?/a><a href="list_0_75_11_0_0.html" title="关于思乡的古诗_表达思乡的古诗词_思乡诗词大全">乡?/a><a href="list_0_306_11_0_0.html" title="">边疆</a><a href="list_0_345_11_0_0.html" title="">借古寄怀</a><a href="list_0_1_11_0_0.html" title="关于写景的诗?>写景</a><a href="list_0_370_11_0_0.html" title="">少年</a><a href="list_0_76_11_0_0.html" title="关于饮酒的古诗词_饮酒古诗词大?>饮酒</a><a href="list_0_214_11_0_0.html" title="">命运</a><a href="list_0_349_11_0_0.html" title="">赠言</a><a href="list_0_551_11_0_0.html" title="">触景感怀</a><a href="list_0_351_11_0_0.html" title="">少女</a><a href="list_0_527_11_0_0.html" title="">歌妓</a><a href="list_0_223_11_0_0.html" title="">文学</a></div> <div class="sright2"><img onclick=clicktype() alt=展开 src="/templets/shiwen/css/jiantop.jpg" width="10" height="20"></div> </div> <div class="son2"> <div class="sleft"><span>朝代</span> </div> <div class="sright"><a href="list_0_0_0_0_0.html">不限</a><a href="list_0_0_1_0_0.html">先秦</a><a href="list_0_0_2_0_0.html">两汉</a><a href="list_0_0_3_0_0.html">魏晋</a><a href="list_0_0_4_0_0.html">南北?/a><a href="list_0_0_5_0_0.html">隋代</a><a href="list_0_0_6_0_0.html">唐代</a><a href="list_0_0_7_0_0.html">五代</a><a href="list_0_0_8_0_0.html">宋代</a><a href="list_0_0_9_0_0.html">元代</a><a href="list_0_0_10_0_0.html">明代</a><a href="list_0_0_11_0_0.html"><span>清代</span></a><a href="list_0_0_12_0_0.html">近代</a><a href="list_0_0_13_0_0.html">现代</a> </div> </div> <div style="border-bottom: #d2d0d0 1px solid; margin-bottom: 20px" class="son2"> <div class="sleft"><span>形式</span> </div> <div class="sright"> <a href="list_0_0_11_0_0.html"><span>不限</span></a><a href="list_1_0_11_0_0.html">?/a><a href="list_2_0_11_0_0.html">?/a><a href="list_3_0_11_0_0.html">?/a><a href="list_4_0_11_0_0.html">文言?/a><a href="list_5_0_11_0_0.html">辞赋</a><a href="list_6_0_11_0_0.html">名句</a></div> </div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a ><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <!--最近更新调用开?-> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>清代的古诗第1?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_2215.html" >《如梦令·紫黯红愁无绪?/a>(<a href="author_95.html" >龚自?/a>?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px"> 紫黯红愁无绪,日暮春归甚处?春更不回头,撇下一天浓絮。春?春住!黦了人家庭宇? </p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br> ①浓絮:?a href="/shici/view_3674.html">柳絮</a>。②黦(yuè):色败坏。污迹。五?a href="/shici/author_604.html">韦庄</a>《应天长》词:“想得此时情切,泪沾红袖黦。? <br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a ><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>清代的古诗第2?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_2184.html" >《浪淘沙·写梦(好梦最难留)?/a>(<a href="author_95.html" >龚自?/a>?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px">好梦最难留,吹过仙洲。寻思依样到心头。去也无踪寻也惯,一桁红楼?br /> 中有话绸缪,灯火帘钩。是仙是幻是温柔。独自凄凉还自遣,自制离愁?</p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br> ①依样:照原样。句意即欲重温旧梦。②一桁:一排。桁犹“行”。③<a href="/shici/view_2104.html">绸缪</a>:犹缠绵,形容情深意挚? <br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a ><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>清代的古诗第3?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_4987.html" >《减字木兰花·偶检丛纸中?/a>(<a href="author_95.html" >龚自?/a>?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px"> <p><span style="font-family:KaiTi_GB2312;">偶检丛纸中,得花瓣一包,纸背细书辛幼安“更能消几番风雨”一阕,乃是京师悯忠寺海棠花,戊辰暮春所戏为也,泫然得句?/span></p> <p>人天无据,被依留得香魂住。如梦如烟,枝上花开又十年!<br />十年千里,风痕雨点斓斑里。莫怪怜他,身世依然是落花?/p> </p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br> 香魂:指<a href="/shici/view_1689.html">落花</a>? <br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a ><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>清代的古诗第4?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_2356.html" >《菩萨蛮·催花未歇花奴鼓?/a>(<a href="author_193.html" >纳兰性德</a>?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px"> 催花未歇花奴鼓,酒醒已见残红舞?br />不忍覆余觞,临风泪数行?br />粉香看欲别,空剩当时月?br />月也异当时,凄清照鬓丝? </p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br>【注释?br /> <br /> 花奴:唐玄宗时汝阳王李琏的小字。李琏善羯鼓,玄宗特钟爱之,曾说? “花奴姿质明莹,肌发光细,非人间人,必神仙谪堕也。”这里是说筵席之上击鼓为乐,以助酒兴。羯鼓,一种乐器,状如漆桶,下承以牙床,鼓之两头俱击。据说此乐器出自匈奴?br /> <br /> 残红舞:花落?br /> <br /> 余觞:杯中所剩残酒?br /> <br /> 粉香:代指爱?或情有所钟之女子)?br /> <br /> 【鉴赏?br /> <br /> 纳兰这首词因离筵而作,借羯鼓催花之典故,花开即落,暗喻好景不常在。描绘一种盛筵将散,即将离别的情景,流露出内心的伤春伤离别,不免惆怅。下阕承接着上阕之情之景,再加些渲染,进一步刻画今晚自己孤独对月,内心的寂寞凄清。结尾二句画龙点睛,写月下对爱妻的思念和痴睛,由此而来的愁苦忧伤让人无法排解?br /> <br /> 羯鼓,是一种乐器,状如漆桶,下承以牙床,鼓之两头俱击?br /> <br /> 据说此乐器出自匈奴。唐玄宗也善羯鼓,因此对李琏特别钟爱,曾说:  “花奴姿质明莹,肌发光细,非人间人,必神仙谪堕也。?br /> <br /> 唐朝人的纵情随性总是带着一种天亲地近的色彩,有新石器时代对着红日高山丛莽舞蹈的肆意。当时击鼓为乐是达官贵人筵席常有的事,借此助酒兴。后来人少有那种肆意无畏的兴头,而多了那种“不忍覆余觞”的小心翼翼,越是希望好景常在,就越容易多愁善感,加之易触景生情而临风流泪的感伤,更显得萧瑟和黯然了?br /><br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a ><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>清代的古诗第5?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_2912.html" >《菩萨蛮·隔花才歇廉纤雨?/a>(<a href="author_193.html" >纳兰性德</a>?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px"> 隔花才歇廉纤雨,一声弹指混无语。梁燕自双归,长条脉脉垂?br />小屏山色远,妆薄铅华浅。独自立瑶阶,透寒金缕鞋? </p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br> <p><strong>译文</strong>波渺渺,柳依依。双蝶绣罗裙的女子,你与幸福,只有一朵花的距离。但?a href="/shici/list_0_3_0_0_0.html">春天</a>却送来绵绵细雨,让你久坐闺中,辜负了美好的芳春。天晴的时候,双燕已归,柳枝低垂。娇嗔如你,一春弹泪话凄凉?a href="/shici/view_2700.html">寒夜</a>到来,你掩上望归的门。默默地,朱粉不深匀,闲花春。想他的时候,你独自站在瑶阶上。柔肠已寸寸,粉泪已盈盈?/p><p><strong>注释</strong>廉纤 ??细小,细微。多用以形容微雨??<a href="/shici/author_684.html">韩愈</a> 《晚雨》诗:“廉纤晚雨不能晴,池岸草间蚯蚓鸣。??<a href="/shici/author_271.html">黄庭?/a> 《次韵赏梅》:“微风拂掠生春丝,小雨廉纤洗暗妆。??<a href="/shici/author_100.html">陈师?/a> 《马上口占呈立之》:“廉纤小雨湿黄昏,十里尘泥不受辛。??借指细雨??<a href="/shici/author_53.html">叶梦?/a> 《为山亭晚卧》诗:“泉声分寂历,草色借廉纤。??<a href="/shici/author_264.html">赵蕃</a> 《州城外》诗:“才得新晴半日强,廉纤又复蔽朝光。??<a href="/shici/author_705.html">陈维?/a> 《渡江云·欲雪》词:“玉尘休拟廉纤舞,念有人新在京华。弹指:《翻译名义集》:《僧祗》云:(二十瞬为一弹指。)此状寂寥抑郁之态。弹击手指,以表示各?a href="/shici/view_4186.html">感情</a>。一声句:意谓弹指一?a href="/shici/list_0_29_0_0_0.html">离别</a>日久,竟辜负了美好的春光,遂孤寂无聊,实在无语可述。弹指:指极短暂的时间。小屏山色远:此系描绘眺望之景,谓远山仿佛是小小的屏风。亦可解做小屏风上绘有远山之画图?a href="/shici/author_415.html">温庭?/a>?a href="/shici/view_31.html">春日</a>》:“屏上吴山远,楼中朔管悲。”妆薄:谓淡妆。瑶阶:本指玉砌的台阶,后为石阶之美称。金缕鞋:绣织有金丝的鞋子。南?a href="/shici/author_274.html">李煜</a>《菩萨蛮》:“划袜步香阶,手提金缕鞋。?/p> <br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a ><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>清代的古诗第6?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_2347.html" >《菩萨蛮·春云吹散湘帘雨?/a>(<a href="author_193.html" >纳兰性德</a>?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px"> 春云吹散湘帘雨,絮黏蝴蝶飞还住?br />人在玉楼中,楼高四面风?br />柳烟丝一把,暝色笼鸳瓦?br />休近小阑干,夕阳无限山? </p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br> ①湘??用湘妃竹编制的帘子。②玉楼 ?指华丽之楼阁。宋<a href="/shici/author_219.html">辛弃?/a>?a href="/shici/author_482.html">苏武</a>慢·雪?:?歌竹传殇 ?探梅得句 , 人在玉楼琼室?”③鸳瓦 ??a href="/shici/view_2738.html">鸳鸯</a>瓦。唐<a href="/shici/author_210.html">李商?/a>《当句有对?:?秦楼鸳瓦汉宫盘。?指瓦之成双成对者? <br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a ><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>清代的古诗第7?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_12770.html" >《虞美人·为梁汾赋(凭君料理花问谚酽)?/a>(<a href="author_193.html" >纳兰性德</a>?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px">凭君料理花问谚酽,莫负当初我。眼看鸡犬上天梯,黄九自招秦七共泥犁?br /> 瘦狂那似痴肥女.产,判任痴肥笑。笑他多病与长贫,不及诸公衮衮向风尘?br /> </p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br>【赏析?br /> <br /> 纳兰虽为权臣之子、皇帝近臣,然而却是空有满腹才华,只能担当护卫武夫之职,因此与怀才不遇、仕途蹉跎的顾贞观等人大有同病相怜、惺惺相惜之意。顾贞观更可以说是纳兰性德的第一知己,二人不仅交契笃厚,而且志趣相投,有着相同的词学主张。纳兰性德在《与梁药亭书》中说:  “仆少知操瓤即爱《花间》致语,以其言情人微,且音调铿锵,自然协律。”他与顾贞观诗词唱和颇多,并请他为自己的词作选集付梓,这首词就是二人同怀同道的真实写照?br /> <br /> “凭君料理花间课,莫负当初我”这句话是纳兰在叮嘱好友顾贞观:任凭你辑集我的词作,只要不辜负我的一片真心便可。对于中国古代文人来说,将自己的词作交给他人付梓,无异于是将自己的心血全部托付出去,由此可见顾贞观在纳兰心中的重要地位。在这里,纳兰提到了《花间集》,并非是说自己的词风与《花间集》中的词作相同,而是用其来代指自己的词作?br /> <br /> 在“眼看鸡犬上天梯”这句中,纳兰用了“鸡犬升天”这个典故,相传汉代淮南王刘安修炼成仙之后,将余下的药倾洒在院子里,结果鸡和狗吃了之后也都飘然升空,成了神仙,在这里纳兰用“鸡犬上天梯”来比喻那些在仕途上平步青云的小人? “黄九自招秦七共泥犁”,在这句中,纳兰显然用黄庭坚与秦观来比喻自己和顾贞观,但是,泥犁的意思是地狱,纳兰用到这句中,难道是说要和顾贞观共赴黄泉?<br /> <br /> 《宋稗类钞》中曾记载:黄庭坚早年喜作艳词,有一位法秀禅师劝他不要再作,并警告道“以笔墨诲淫,当堕泥犁地狱。”知道这个典故后,我们也就很容易理解“黄九”句的意思了,纳兰此时已经不再是一个循规蹈矩的贵族公子,他明确地向世人宣称:我们这些仕途失意的人只想填好自己的词作,哪怕最后进入地狱,我们也不会后悔?br /> <br /> 下片一开篇,纳兰提到南朝沈昭略的典故,据记载,沈昭略为人放浪形骸,喜好饮酒?br /> <br /> 有一天喝醉之后,在娄湖苑遇到王约,于是嘲笑道? “你就是王约?为什么又肥又?”王约反唇相讥说? “你就是沈昭?为什么又瘦又?”沈昭略听后,抚掌大笑说? “瘦比肥好,狂比痴好。”纳兰在这里反其意而用之.用痴肥来比喻入仕朝堂的小人,用狂瘦来指代自己和顾贞观,表面上是说我们仕途失意之人哪有你们得意之士那么踌躇满志,你们只管嘲笑好了,其实是说:你们这些登上高位的小人也配嘲笑我?此时的纳兰,既显示出单纯、直率的一面,也显示出狂放、刚强的一面?br /> <br /> 尾句“笑他多病与长贫,不及诸公衮衮向风尘”,纳兰用嘲讽的口吻说道:得意之人嘲笑失意之人贫病交加,仕途坎坷,是的,我们与你们这些身居高位而无所作为的官僚确实无法可比?br /> <br /> 纳兰虽然身在官场,但是内心却没有被名利所熏染,所以他才能够从官场中悄然脱身,与顾贞观沉溺于诗词之道中,正因为如此.世间才少了一个追求功名利禄的官僚,而多了一位旷达风流的绝世才子?br /> <br /> 【注释?br /> <br /> ①料理:处理、安排,指点、指教,此处含有辑集之意。课:指词作。花间:即《花间集》,为后蜀人赵崇祚编辑的一部词集。集中搜录晚唐至五代十八位词人的作品,共五百首,分十卷,集中作品内容多写上层贵妇美人的日常生活和妆饰容貌,女人素以花比,而该集多写女人之媚,故称“花间”?br /> <br /> ②天梯:古人想象中登天的阶梯,此处喻为入仕朝堂,登上高位?br /> <br /> ③黄九:北宋诗人、书法家黄庭坚,排行第九,因以称之。秦七:北宋词人秦少游辈行第七,故称。泥犟:佛教语,梵语的译音,意为地狱?br /> <br /> ④瘦狂、痴肥:比喻仕途失意与得意。瘦狂:语见《南史·沈昭略传》,昭略答王约云? “瘦已胜肥,狂又胜痴。”此处为反其意用之。痴肥:肥胖而无所用心?br /> <br /> ⑤诸公衮衮:源源不断而繁杂,旧时称身居高位而无所作为的官僚。风尘:比喻纷乱的社会或漂泊江湖的境况,这里指宦途、官场?br /><br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a ><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>清代的古诗第8?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_7186.html" >《虞美人·银床淅沥青梧老?/a>(<a href="author_193.html" >纳兰性德</a>?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px">银床淅沥青梧老,屧粉秋蛩扫。采香行处蹙连钱,拾得翠翘何恨不能言?br /> 回廊一寸相思地,落月成孤倚。背灯和月就花阴,已是十年踪迹十年心?br /> </p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br>【鉴赏?br /> <br /> 纳兰的词中多次提到“回廊”,这个“回廊”,想必是他与所深爱之人产生恋情的地方。本篇再次提到的“回廊一寸相思地”,引起作者痛心乃至有种肝肠寸断的感觉,同时表达了他对昔日爱人坚定不移的深情?br /> <br /> “银床淅沥青梧老,展粉秋蛩扫。”是说爱人的踪迹已经消失在蟋蟀唧唧的鸣叫之中。对于往事,只能是遗恨不已,难以言说?br /> <br /> 回廊下,相思地,“背灯和月就花阴”,意境凄婉。岁月匆匆,那段逝去的恋情却已是“十年踪迹十年心”。这段爱情的创痛实在太深太重,唯有难以忘却的思念还在词人心头永久萦绕?br /> <br /> 可以想象,纳兰若站在回廊花阴下,内心不乏经历苍茫岁月的惆怅,充满了沧海桑田的遗憾。我们读这首词时,俨然看见一个伤心的男人,逗留在荒芜的秋草蔓地的庭院里,这是曾经和她一起游玩的地方。彼时花前月下,流萤扇扑,一切都是那么的令人留恋回味!而如今,秋风秋雨摧残了井边的梧桐,她那美丽的身影已经不在了。纳兰此时能做的,只是捡到当年她无意间遗落在荒草之间的首饰?br /> <br /> 【注释?br /> <br /> 银床:指井栏,或指汲取井水的辘轳架。杜甫《冬日洛城北谒玄元皇帝庙》:  “风筝吹玉柱,露井冻银床。?br /> <br /> 淅沥:象声词,形容风雨声、落叶声等?br /> <br /> 展粉,借指所恋之女子。展,为鞋的衬底,与粉字连缀即代指女子?br /> <br /> 蛩:一种昆虫,这里指蟋蟀?br /> <br /> “采香”二句:比喻曾经与她有过一段恋情。范成大《吴郡志》云:吴王夫差于香山种香,使美人泛舟于溪以采之?br /> <br /> 连钱:草名,叶呈圆形,大如钱,故称。连钱马,又名连钱骢。其毛皮色有深浅,花纹、形状似相连的铜钱?br /> <br /> 翠翘:女子的头饰,似翠鸟尾部的长羽。温庭筠《经旧游》:“坏墙经雨苍苔遍,拾得当时旧翠翘。?br /> <br /> 回廊:用春秋吴王“响履廊”之典。宋范成大《吴郡志》:“响履廊,在灵岩山寺。相传吴王令西施辈步履,廊虚而响,故名。?br /><br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a ><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>清代的古诗第9?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_12769.html" >《浣溪沙·五月江南麦已稀?/a>(<a href="author_193.html" >纳兰性德</a>?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px">五月江南麦已稀,黄梅时节雨霏微。闲看燕子教雏飞?br /> 一水浓阴如罨画,数峰无恙又晴晖。湔裙谁独上渔矶?</p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br>【赏析?br /> <br /> 江南,是一个遥远的梦境。款款流淌的评弹,悠扬的马头琴,温婉的吴依软语……江南何?只需沿着盎然的诗情,打马而过,便是江南。她的气质,是盈盈的春水,朦胧着袅袅薄雾,胜似瑶池,“南朝四百八十寺,多少楼台烟雨中”的忧郁,是你日日踏过的青石板,蜿蜒曲折的小巷深处,蓦然回首间,一个结着愁怨的丁香一样的女子;她的浅笑,是湖畔杨柳岸,绽放的一朵油纸伞,湖光山色,斗转星移,抹不掉的一脉情思?br /> <br /> 提到纳兰,无可避免地谈及他显赫的家世、悲戚的情史,以及他英年早逝的遗憾。如果有一天,当所有明艳的光环、绯色的传闻散去,余下的纳兰,应是一位最率真的诗人,吟游江南,纵马边陲?br /> <br /> 五月,水墨江南里,青葱的小麦稀疏错落于阡陌,恰逢黄梅雨时节。雨丝簌簌地飘落下来,再有一份闲心静坐,看屋檐下的雏燕恰恰学飞煽动着稚嫩的翅膀。才知生命之中,  “落花人独立,微雨燕双飞”的景色,才是平和安定的?br /> <br /> 烟波流水就像浓墨泼出来的山水画,山峦静谧,隐隐透露出雨过天晴的阳光。水边布女子赤脚踩上鱼矶石,木槌轻举,捣声寂静回响在这田园之中?br /> <br /> 纳兰如此婉婉道来,一幅泼墨山水田同画便缓缓铺展在眼前,让人沉醉其中,身心轻盈,浮想联翩。颜色浓处,是云青青兮欲雨,墨色淡处.是水澹澹兮生烟。是这样一幅安静的国画,却遇见了“湔裙谁独上渔矶”,捣女瞬间点碎了安静,使画面变得生动明晰起来,又添了几分彩墨的跳跃? “湔裙”指古代的一种风俗,旧俗于农历正月元日至月晦,士女酹酒洗于水边,以避灾度厄。这里指水边的捣女子,也迎合了浣溪沙的词牌?br /> <br /> 这首词读来有《诗经》的淡雅之趣,所阐述之事也颇具田园民风,原来生命所需要抵达的从来不是功名利禄,名誉万世,而仅仅是内心的平和与安定。纳兰用他的笔触告诉人们,尘间的确是有这样的地方的?br /> <br /> 一直以为,纳兰是孤独的,他的秉性、他的心气、他的才情,注定了他的遗世独立,注定了他留给世人的,将是一个凄婉的故事,一段离愁别苦的情。虚静的一刻,晨曦洒在他的面颊,当他微微展露笑颜时,那份清灵的孤独,那份怡人的忧郁依旧。很难说,这是一种幸运,抑或是不幸。就如同后主一样,若说生在贵胄家是他的不幸,那么若无这一份由盛而衰的经历,又怎能成就他千古词帝的荣光?br /> <br /> 其实,就这首诗而言,它是明媚的,清新明丽,俨然区别于纳兰以往情愁感伤之作,带着暮春的阳光。可末一句,仅仅一个“独”字,便给整首词笼上一层无言的失落。像是,在某个月夜,把船儿推出了湖心,徐徐荡漾着,一点点远离了那份心中的美好?br /> <br /> 纳兰,让人想到十五世纪,那位叫波提切利的西方画家,他是欧洲文艺复兴早期佛罗伦萨画派最后一位画家,他的一幅名作《春》,涵盖了妩媚、温雅、风流、娇丽、婀娜等美丽的赞誉,可是在明媚的外表之下,一层惘然的哀愁在笼罩。虽然一个是西方的美术,一个是中国的文学,但文学艺术,大抵该是相通的?br /> <br /> 在明媚的江南暮春,在静看稚燕学飞的欣喜中,纳兰的身影显露出安适而孤独的姿态,词人是高贵的,敏感的心处处悸动,精神在漂泊不定中寻找一个栖身之地。那暂得的安适,化为文字,就成了手中圣洁的白莲,素心依旧,心灵便总有栖息之地?br /> <br /> 若存了一颗人生腥风血雨之后渴望淡泊明志宁静致远的心,在邂逅这一幅画面之后且欣然而坐,清茶徽墨,或许此刻别人用手搭一个框,你我便亦是此中之人,此中之景?br /><br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a ><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>清代的古诗第10?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_3857.html" >《浣溪沙·杨柳千条送马蹄?/a>(<a href="author_193.html" >纳兰性德</a>?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px"> 杨柳千条送马蹄,北来征雁旧南飞。客中谁与换春?br />终古闲情归落照,一春幽梦逐游丝。信回刚道别多时? </p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br> ①古北口:长城的重要关口,地势险峻,在今北京密云县境,为北京与东北往来的必经之路。②落照:落日之光?a href="/shici/author_203.html">杜牧</a>《洛阳长句》:“桥横落照虹堪画,树锁千门鸟自还。”③游丝:飘动着的蛛丝?a href="/shici/author_433.html">晏殊</a>?a href="/shici/view_855.html">蝶恋?/a>》:“满眼游丝兼落絮,红杏开时,一?a href="/shici/view_225.html">清明</a>雨。? <br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a ><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; 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